Statistics Book with instructions for TI-84, Excel, SPSS, MINITAB, and StataQues. Lots of prolems with answers or complete solutions.

Quick Notes

pdf version


Free Course Materials Using     
Minitab     SPSS     TI-84  

Excel   Excel Statistics loads into Excel for easier learning  Excel Research Project

Statistics Video Lectures Using Excel, Minitab, SPSS, TI-84 

Statistics Practice Tests with Answers   

Statistics Test Reviews helps with tests.    

Statistics Reviews has something for every learning style

Page Number and Topic Name Practice 




 Supplemental Learning Materials

Taxonomy of Statistics

2 Nature of Statistics and Measurement 
3 Measurement Scales

  Page 3

No Practice Set
for these Notes

Page QQ3

 The following are not covered by these notes.

Blind Studies       Survey Design     Scientific Method

4 Frequency Distributions
5 Graphs

Page 6
Page 7

Page 8   
Page 9
Page PS 6-7 Page QQ 8-9

The following graphs are not covered by these notes.
Stem and Leaf Displays and Box Plots are quick

Dot plot Summaries Applet 

10 Mean   
11 Other Measures 
Page 12 
Page 13
Page 15
Page PS12-13 Page QQ14-15

A little extra! Summation notation from Hyper Stat Online explains a type of notation used by some text books.

16 Measures     
17 Using Measures   
Page 18    
Page 19
Page 20     
Page 21
Page PS18-19 Page QQ20-21   
22 Mean & Median     
23  Skewness
Those skipping grouped calculations
may skip section 3 of page 22.
Page 24  
Page 25
Page 26   
Page 27
Page PS24-25 Page QQ26-27

A little extra! Rice Virtual Statistics Lab  has dynamic Java 1.1simulation of the Sampling Distribution and Confidence Intervals

28 Measures  
29 Quartiles-Percentiles

Those skipping grouped calculations should start with  section 5C
Page 30   
Page 31
Page 32     
Page 33
Page PS30-31 Page QQ32-33

A little extra! Rice Virtual Statistics Lab has dynamic Java 1.1demonstration on the
Confidence Interval on a Proportion

Test Material
Formula Review for  

Descriptive Statistics 34
Descriptive Statistics Test  Page 35   Page 36    Page 37  Page 38  Page 39  Test Page Answers T35  T36-37  T38  T39  People skipping grouped calculations may skip  questions 2, 7, and the second part of nine. Additional Practice Problems
40 Introduction to Probability   
41 Addition Rule
Page 42     
Page 43 
Page 44      Page 45 Page PS42-43 Page QQ44-45 Article on independent events
Hills Criteria of Causation
Article on patterns and cause

Western Michigan U. provides these exercises
Random Variables
Discrete Populations (Probability Models)
More Parameters
Binomial Probability Model
Poisson Probability Model
Markov Chains

Amazing Applications of Probability

46-7 Multiplication, Bayes' Law, Counting Pages 48-49  Pages 50-51 Pages PS48-49  Pages QQ50-51
52 Binomial Probability Distribution    
53 Poisson Probability Distribution          
Page 54   
Page 55 
Page 56      Page 57 Page PS54 
Page PS55
Page QQ56   Page  QQ57  

58 Continuous Normal Probability Distribution  
59 Using z     
60 Finding z   
61 Normal Approximation to a binomial

Page 62    
Page 64   
Page 65
Page PS62   
Page PS63
Page QQ64 
Page QQ 65
66 Sampling Distribution of Mu     
67 Central Limits Theorem

 Page 68 Page 69       Page PS68 Page QQ69 A little more! Rice Virtual Statistics Lab  has dynamic Java 1.1demonstration on the Sampling Distribution Simulation and Confidence Intervals
Sampling Distributions Simulations

70 Population Proportion  
71Sample Size

Page 72     
Page 73
Page 74     
Page 75
Page PS72  
Page PS73
Page QQ74-75 Burt Gerstman of San Jose State University has an interesting Review with Exercises

A little more! Rice Virtual Statistics Lab has dynamic Java 1.1demonstration on the Confidence Interval on a Proportion

Probability Test Material
Formula Review   


Probability Test   Page 78      Page 79  Page 80   Page 81   Page 82  Page 83 Probability Test Answers   Page T78   Page T78-80
Page T80-81  Page T82   Page T83 

Additional Practice Problems 

Please Visit Our Free Internet Libraries

A Taxonomy of Parametric Statistics.   Inferential Statistics Dr. Timothy Placek of
Auburn University

84 Large Sample HT   
85 Two-tail test

Page 86  Page 87 Page PS86 Page QQ87

Don't believe in the Null Hypothesis?  Dr. Ho Yu
P-Value  Video
P-Value Video
Type I and Type II Errors Lecture
Dr. T. P
Error Type Video from Bionic Turtle
t-dist vs. z-dist
Dr. T. P
OJ trial and hypothesis testing


88 Two large samples   
89 Type 2 error  

Page 90   
Page 91
Page 92   
Page 93
Page PS1   
Page PS2
Page QQ1  Page QQ2 Dr. Wallace Hendricks', University of Ill.
Syllabus has good Power Point presentations
Improved Batting Averages (Power)

94 one-tail of one sample proportion 
95 one & 2-tail of 2 sample prop 

 Page 96  Page 97    Page PS96 Page QQ97    

98 one-tail, 1 small sample 
99 two-tail of 2 small samples,

paired difference test

Page 100 Page 101  Page PS100 Page QQ10 Degrees of Freedom from
Burt Gerstman of San Jose State University has an interesting
Review with Exercises and  t Procedure Exercises.

102 x-bar chart    
103 R & p charts

Page 104    
Page 105
Page 106   
Page 107
Page PS104    Page PS105   Page QQ106     
Page QQ107
Quality Control Notes from R. C. Baker

Acceptance Sampling?


108 sample variances, ANOVA  
109 Difference between 3 means

Page 110    
Page 111
Page 112   
Page 113
Page PS110   Page PS111   Page QQ112    Page QQ113 Analysis of Variance
ANOVA simulation
114 Two-Factor Analysis of Variance   
115 example, comparing 3 means
Page 116    
Page 117  
Page 118   
Page 119
Page PS117
Page QQ118
Page QQ119


120 chi-square, Goodness of Fit   
121 Test for independence  
Page 122   
Page 123
Page 124   
Page 125
Page PS122   
Page PS123
Page QQ124 
Page QQ125
Least Squares Dr. T. P
Chi Square Calculator

Two-way tables applets
126 run test, one sample, one tail sign test  
127 Mann-Whitney test
Page 128   
Page 129
Page 130   
Page 131
Page PS129
Page QQ130 
Page QQ131

132 two-tail of two sample sign test   
132 testing three medians using Kruskall-Wallis 
Page  133 Page 134 Page PS133  Page Q134 

Choosing Appropriate Statistics Test          

Inferential Statistics Test Material
Formula Review   
Inferential Statistics 
Executive Summary of Inferential Statistics

Inferential Statistics Test Page 138  Page 139   Page 140   Page 141  Page 142    Page 143    Page 144    Page 145 
Test Answers    Page  T138  Page T139
    Page T140 Page 141 
Page  T142  Page T143
    PageT144   Page T145 

Additional Practice Problems
Study design from BMJ


146 Correlation  
147 Coefficient. of Determination 

Page 148    
Page 149
Page 150    
Page 151
Pages PS148-149 Pages QQ150-151

Guess Correlation, Using Correlation
Not covered by Quick Notes
Spearman's Rank Correlation -Wiki

Rank Order Correlation Calculator, click OK

152 Regression      
153 Interval Estimate of a conditional mean
Page 154   
Page 155
Page 156      
Page 157
Page PS154-155   Page QQ156-157 Lines and Slope - Review  
Least Squares Regression Applet
Business Insider uses regression to predict new jobs

Multiple Regression
is not covered by Quick Notes.

Correlation and Regression Test Material
Formula Review    
Correlation and Regression

Correlation and Regression Test  Page 159  Page 160  Page1613 
Test Answers Page T159   Page T160  Page T161  
Additional Practice Problems  

We have Statistics tutors to help with difficult questions.

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Quality Control Notes from R. C. Baker, Department of Information Systems and Operations, University of Texas at Arlington

Review of Statistics:  SINGLE MEAN  LECTURE, Excel Stat Functions, Homework, AOV, Quality Tools: [Binomial Confidence Limits, Sample Size to find at least 1 defective, Acceptance Sampling OC curves, Poisson Confidence Limits, Tolerance Limits]

I. Statistical Process Control: SPC Web Files Control Chart Presentation, X-Bar Chart Lecture, X-Bar Chart Examples(stable and unstable),
Capability Index, X-Bar/R Set-up and Production, X-Bar/R Control Chart Homework, P and C Control Charts (word),
P and C Control Charts (excel), SPC Test 1, SPC Test 2

II. Acceptance Sampling PP Slides Operating Characteristic Curves, AccpSamp Test1, Compare Level I and II, Compare All Levels,
Compare  AQL=.065%  

   Sampling Plan Selection Web Site:

III.  Measurement Systems:  Excel Spreadsheet MS, Homework, Homework SG Output CANDY COUNT DATA

      Good Web Site:

IV. DESIGN OF EXPERIMENTS: DOE PowerPt.Presentation, DOE Test 1, DOE Test 2, DOE Seal Data,
Taguchi Web Site:

     CQE Training Problems: Problems, Data, Answer Key